Program Module

International Online

Fellowship Program on Nonviolence and Peace – 2022

 Program Modules

 Course 1: Global sustainability challenges and response: an analysis

 I

Development– concept, models, objectives, critical assessment; lessons.

II

Sustainability: Concept – sustainability; Factors – Socio economic and environmental; Indicators – harmonizing self, society, life and nature.

 III

Appropriate system, structure and tools, Optimization of life.

 IV

Sustainability responses: individual, society, state and humanity; possibilities, strategies and good practices.

Reading List

E F Schumacher, Small Is Beautiful- Economics as if People mattered, Harper Collins .

J C Kumarappa, Economy of Permanence, A quest for a social order based on non-violence, Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan, Varanasi.

Board on Sustainable Development, National Research Council, Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability, National Academy Press, Washington D.C. 1999.

Jennifer Elliott, An Introduction to Sustainable Development. (4th Ed.) Routledge, London, 2012

Rogers, Peter P., Kazi F. Jalal, and John A. Boyd ,An Introduction to Sustainable Development Routledge, London 2007.

Jeffrey D. Sachs, The Age of Sustainable Development, Columbia University Press, New York, 2015.

Wolfang Sachs, The Development Dictionary, Zed Books, 1992.

Jan Nederveen Pieterse , Development Theory: Deconstructions/Reconstructions. 2nd ed. Sage, London, 2010.

Franco, Isabel B.; Tracey, James, “Community capacity-building for sustainable development: Effectively striving towards achieving local community sustainability targets”, International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 691-725, 2019.

Course 2: Fundamentals and dynamics of Gandhian nonviolence and peace

 I

 Philosophical base of Gandhian nonviolence and Peace:concept of ‘self’ and the ‘other’, human nature and human perfectibility.

World view: Essential Unity of existence –interconnectedness and interdependence.

Truth: Its Centrality: Relative and Absolute, Correlation between Truth and Nonviolence – Means and Ends.

II

Nonviolence: Meaning, features, dimensions, types and organization.

Logic of nonviolence, futility of violence, power of nonviolence, Superiority and efficacy of nonviolence.
Nonviolence as a Cardinal Principle governing human relations and as a way of life.

Nonviolence as a means of socio-political and economic change

III

Gandhian vision of Peace

Holistic and integral approach

Understanding Gandhi’s Critique of contemporary Development model andWestern materialistCivilization

 

IV

Orientation towards Rural Life, Self-reliance, Bread Labour, Trusteeship for Management of Wealth and Resources, Sarvodaya – an alternative socio-economic and political order

Gandhian life style and ethical way of living for achieving peace and harmony

Reading List

M K Gandhi,  Sarvodaya ( The Welfare of All), Navajivan

M K Gandhi, India of My Dreams Navajivan

  1. K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule ,Navajivan.
  2. K. Gandhi, Trusteeship,Navajivan.

M K Gandhi, In Search of the Supreme ,Navajivan.

M K Gandhi, Non Violence in Peace and War,Navajivan.

RaghavanIyer (ed.)The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi, Clarendon Press Oxford.

Louis Fischer,The Life of Mahatma Gandhi ,New York

Louis Fischer Gandhi: His Life and Message for the World ,New York

UntoTahtinen ,Ahimsa: Non-violence in Indian Tradition, Navajivan

V.K.Kool, The Psychology of Nonviolence and Aggression  ,Palgrave Macmilan.

Robert L.Holmes and Barry L.Gan Nonviolence in Theory and Practice , Long Grove, IL, Waveland Press.

Course 3: Application of Nonviolent Action and the Global Experience


I

The Philosophy and Sadhana of Satyagraha/ nonviolent direct action
Concept , Theory, Variants and techniques

Preparation, Preconditions, Strategy and operational forms

II

Satyagraha and Passive Resistance

Satyagraha and  Duragraha

Satyagraha and Democracy

 

III

 

Civil Disobedience in Indian and Western Tradition

Satyagraha as weapon of Social Change and Revolution

Resistance and Reconstruction :Satyagraha and Constructive Work

 

IV

Case studies of nonviolent resistances in different countries and situations –
satyagrahies/nonviolent fighters.

 

Satyagraha Struggles of Gandhi in South Africa and India

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and movement for Civil Rights

Nonviolent Action against Apartheid:Albert Luthuli, Nelson Mandela

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa

The Community of Ark of Lanza del Vasto

DaniloDolci

Dalai Lama

 

 

 

Reading List

 

  1. K Gandhi, Non Violence in Peace and War, Navajivan

M K Gandhi, In Search of the Supreme ,Navajivan.

M K Gandhi,Satyagraha In South Africa, Navajivan
R.R.Diwakar ,The Saga of Satyagraha, Gandhi Peace  Foundation,New Delhi

Johan Galtung , Dietrich Fischer  Johan Galtung, A Pioneer of Peace Research SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice, Volume 5, 2013.

Gene Sharp,The Politics of Nonviolent Action Part 1, 2, & 3 Porter Sargent, Boston.

Joan Valerie Bondurant Conquest of Violence: The Gandhian Philosophy of Conflict , Princeton University Press.

Dennis Dalton Gandhi’s Power Nonviolence in Action ,Oxford India Paperback

Thomas Weber Conflict Resolution and Gandhian Ethics, Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi 1991.

Peter Ackermanand Jack DuVall ,A Force More Powerful ,Palgrave Macmillan

Howard Clark, People Power: Unarmed Resistance and Global Solidarity, Pluto Press, London

Beck Sanderson Nonviolent Action Handbook, World Peace Communications, Goleta California.

Narayan Desai A Handbook for Satyagrahis, Gandhi Peace Foundation ,New Delhi.

Ackerman, Peter, and Christopher Kruegler Strategic Nonviolent Conflict: The Dynamics of
People Power in the 20th Century
, Praeger, Westport, CT l993.

Albert, David H.People Power: Applying Nonviolence Theory, New Society Publishers, Philadelphia 1985.

Stephen Zunes, S. B.Asher, Lester Kurtz (eds.) Nonviolent Social Movements: A Geographical Perspective, Blackwell, 1999.

 

Mary King ,Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr: the power of nonviolent action ,UNESCO, 1999.

The Dalai Lama, Book of Wisdom, Harper .

 

Siby K. Joseph, Lanza del Vasto : A Messenger of Peace, Gandhi International Editions , Carcassonne , France, 2018 .

Kurt Schock,  “Nonviolent Action and Its Misconceptions: Insights for Social Scientists, PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 36, No. 4 ,Oct., 2003, pp. 705-712 .

Vinay Lal , “Mandela, Luthuli, and Nonviolence in the South African Freedom Struggle” Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies, 38(1) 2014.

 

Lawrence Baldassaro ,”Peace Profile: Danilo Dolci “ Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, Volume 27, 2015, Issue no.1,pp.100–107.

 

Course – 4 : Dealing with Conflict – Art of Conducting Conflict Creatively

 

I

Understanding Conflict: Meaning and types of conflict- conflict as an opportunity. Galtung’s ABC Conflict Triangle. Constructive and Destructive Conflicts- Five Conflict Styles (Thomas- Kilman). Distinction between conflict management, resolution and transformation

 

II

Causes of Conflict: Primordial paradox; Pairs of opposites; Frustration aggression hypothesis;  Denial and deprivation:; Conflict spiral /proliferation; Nonrealistic – ventilation; Conflict catalysts; Social Deficit; Structural and systemic incongruity.

Sources: political – economic – environmental – historical – cultural – psychological

III

Conflict Activation – 1: Engaging conflict: Four ‘A’ Method: Avoidance; Accommodation; Analysis; and Activation.

Conflict transformation; perceptional shift; conflict optimization – dialogue, negotiation (positions and interests- negotiating style – principled negotiation-
elements of Gandhian style negotiations- negotiating with difficult people), persuasion, mediation (Types of Third Party Intervention – Mediation- prescriptive
vs. elicitive approaches); arbitration, judiciary intervention; passive resistance, nonviolent resistance; Reconciliation- Truth, Justice, Mercy and Forgiveness

IV

Activation – II: Constructive dissolution – Addressing socio economic and political deficiencies, information gap, discrimination (gender etc.,), poverty, unemployment, HR denial…reforming systems and structure.

Essential skills; commitment to fundamental principles, values and determined adherence to truth and nonviolence, operational skill (information, communication, organization, persuasion…)

 

Reading List

Mark Jurgensmeyer , Fighting with Gandhi: A Step by Step Strategy for Resolving Everyday Conflicts, Joanna Cotler Books, 1986

Randall Collins, Conflict Sociology: Toward an Explanatory Science, Academic Press, New York ,1975

Johan Galtung , Peace by Peaceful Means, Sage, London, 1996

 

Johan Galtung ,Transcend and Transform: An Introduction to Conflict Work , Pluto Press , London ,2004

 

Johan Galtung, Conflict Transformation by Peaceful Means – The Transcend Method, [Participants’ Manual/Trainers’ Manual], United Nations Disaster Management Training Programme, 2000

 

Charles Webel and Johan Galtung (Edited) Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies, Routledge, NewYork ,2007

 

John Paul Lederach., The Little Book of Conflict Transformation, Good Books, New York, 2003

 

John Paul Lederach, The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace, Oxford, New York 2005

Ronald J. Fisher Transforming Violent Conflicts, Syracuse University Press, 1997.

 

Heidi Burgess and Guy MBurgess, eds., Encyclopedia of Conflict Resolution , ABCCLIO, SantaBarbara 1997

Kevin Avruch and Christopher Mitchell  (Edited)   Conflict Resolution and Human Needs Routledge,  NewYork ,2013

John Burton Ed., Conflict: Human Needs Theory, The Macmillan Press, London, 1990

Hubert M. Blalock, Jr.  Power and Conflict: Toward a General Theory, Sage, CA 1989 .

Raimo  Varyman, New Directions in Conflict Theory: Conflict  Resolution and Conflict Transformation,Sage, London 1991.

Oliver Ramsbotham, Tom Woodhouse & Hugh Miall Contemporary Conflict Resolution Polity Press, Cambridge 4th edition, 2016.

Schrock-Shenk, Carolyn. Ed. Mediation and Facilitation Training Manual: Foundations and Skills for Constructive Conflict Transformation, Fourth edition, Mennonite Conciliation Service, Akron, PA, 2000.